NEW ZEALAND’S HERITAGE vol 7. PART 95.
A Paul Hamlyn Limited Partworks Project
Published by Paul Hamlyn Limited
39-45 Haining Street
Wellington 1, New Zealand
Produced in association with Whitcombe & Tombs Ltd.,
Janet Mc Farlane
Editorial Advisory Board
The late J. C. Beaglehole, OM, CMG, MA, PhD, FRSNZ, world authority on the voyages of Captain Cook and eminent New Zealand scholar
Sir Robert Falla, KBE, CMG, MA, DSc FRSNZ, zoologist and ornithologist and Chairman of the Nature Conservation Council
C. A. Fleming, OBE, BA, DSc, FRSNZ, FRS, zoologist, geologist and chief Palaeontologist of the New Zealand Geological Survey
Sir John Grace, KBE, MVO, JP, first New Zealand High Commissioner to Fiji
Murray Halberg, MBE, world famous athlete and Olympic Gold Medallist
M. H. Holcroft, OBE, essayist and winner of two Hubert Church Awards for prose
A. H. McNaughton, MA, PhD, a prominent educationalist and Professor of Education at the University of Auckland
Sir Guy Powles, KBE, CMG, ED, LLB, Ombudsmand and Past President of the New Zealand Institute of International Affairs
The late J. C. Reid, Ma, LittD, Professor of English at the University of Auckland
Angus Ross, MC and Bar, MA, PhD, holder of two Military Crosses and head of the History Department at the University of Otago
Keith Sinclair, MA, PhD, LittD, author of many historical works and Professor of History at the University of Auckland
W. B. Sutch, BCom, MA, PhD, economist and industrial development consultant
Charles H. Upham, VC and Bar, distinguished war service, now a sheepfarmer in North Canterbury
At 11.30 a.m. on May 29 1953, two men stood for the first time in history on the summit of the world’s highest mountain, Everest, known to the Tibetans as Chomolungma. One was Edmund Hillary, soon to be Sir Edmund Hillary, a 33-year-old beekeeper from New Zealand, the other the Sherpa sirdar from eastern Nepal, Tenzing Norkay. The culmination of decades of effort by more than a dozen expeditions, this 1953 achievement will be remembered so long as there are mountains for men to look at, or challenges to rouse the always questing human spirit.
From a New Zealand point of view, the successful ascent was a vindication of the ability of New Zealand mountaineers. Before Everest, the world looked to England and Europe for its top alpinists, but George Lowe’s feat of ice-cutting to force a route up to the South Col and so to the upper slopes of the mountain, and Hillary’s final assault, proved that the mountains of New Zealand were a training ground as good as or better than the European alps
In the moment of triumph, John Hunt and his team must also have remembered those who went before- Mallory and Irvine, who vanished forever high on the North East ridge of the mountain in 1924; Norton and Smythe, who climbed to the limits of their endurance in the expeditions of 1924 and 1933 respectively; Shipton, who led the reconnaissance of 1951 and solved the question of the route to follow on the mountain; the Swiss guide, Raymond Lambert, who with Tenzing had climbed high above the South Col the previous year, and Bourdillon and Evans, who reached the South Summit on May 26. Fortified by the memory of those who had struggled before them, and by the high endeavour of their companions on the Everest expedition, Hillary and Tenzing were able to make that final great effort- a greater effort, because of the daunting power of the unknown, than that required on any subsequent climb of the mountain. As Sir John Hunt has written, “the story of the ascent of Everest is one of teamwork”.
This week’s contributors
Philip Temple is the author of The World at Their Feet (1968) on climbing expeditions by New Zealanders on the great peaks of the world, and Mantle of the Skies (1971) on the Southern Alps. Conon Fraser is a producer with the National Film Unit whose book Looking at New Zealand (1969) was based on his television series. Bruce Mason’s plays include The Pohutukawa Tree (1960) and Awatea (1970); he was a founder of Wellington’s Downstage Theatre. Graham Butterworth, a history lecturer at Massey University, wrote on Sir James Carroll in Part 65, Sir Maui Pomare in Part 71, and Sir Peter Buck in Part 72. Peggy Burton, author of a centennial history of the New Zealand Geological Survey, is a history graduate of Oxford University.
This week’s cover
Sir Edmund Hillary, a 1955 portrait in oils by Edward Halliday. (Auckland Institue and Museum)
This week’s contents
Hillary on Everest Philip Temple
Gardens in New Zealand Conon Fraser
New Stages in Theatre Bruce Mason
Te Puea Herangi Graham Butterworth
Scientific Research in New Zealand (2) Peggy Burton
Next week’s issue
Until the 1960s nobody doubted that rugby football would always be New Zealand’s national sport. But questions as to the sportsmanship of the hard-driving, win at all costs approach to the game began to arise as far back as the Army Kiwis matches at the end of World War II. The question of sporting links with South Africa divided national opinion on whether moral issues should be set aside for the sake of a game. Terry McLean, one of the New Zealand’s best-known rugby journalists, considers these matters in an article on rugby since the war. In the post-war years, flying ceased to be a luxury and became a practical and convenient way to travel. R. T. Alexander, writing on civil aviation, shows how new uses were found for aircraft. Stewart Island is one of the last areas of the Dominion to retain its character from earliest times; Sheila Natusch writes on “The Anchor of Maui”. New Zealand’s links with the Antarctic continent go back to Robert Falcon Scott’s expeditions in the early years of the century and those of the American explorer Admiral Evelyn Byrd. In an article on the Ross Dependency, Graham Billing shows that until scientists began to make investigations in the 1950s the Dominion regarded the area as valueless wasteland. A. R. D. Fairburn was a wine enthusiast, a composter, a boatbuilder, an indefatigable newspaper letter-writer; he was also, as Denis Glover recalls in a profile, a satirist and one of the country’s finest poets.
Next week’s cover
Surveying in the Dry Valleys area of the Antarctic
New Zealand’s Heritage is published weekly, the most complete historical document of New Zealand yet published. It builds up week by week and magnificent binders are available so that each weekly Part builds into a fully encyclopaedia that you will keep and refer to always. Your New Zealand’s Heritage encyclopaedia will contain more than 2,500 pages, 1,250,000 words and over 5,000 photographs, drawings, maps, charts and other illustrations in colour and black-and-white.
Your encyclopaedia takes you from the days of the early Maoris, right up to the New Zealand of today. It is filled with all the major developments and people that have made New Zealand what it is.
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