If properly carried out, dipping must be beneﬁcial. The material recommended is Orthocide or Captan at the rate of 2lbs. to 100 gallons of water.
Whether treated or not, a point that remains clear without doubt is that plants should be placed in their permanent position in the ground as soon after digging as possible. If this can be done, there should be no need for dipping. Care at all times is essential. Damage to roots and buds should be avoided by handling the plants as carefully as possible at all times. Many plants have had the buds damaged completely by having been trodden on.
Every plant that fails to grow means the loss of production if it is not replaced. If a plant produced one pound of asparagus spears per year, it would mean a ton of asparagus for every 100 gaps in a bed lost over the lifetime of the bed. We should endeavour to give young plants the best conditions possible to survive planting and to produce the maximum crop during their life.
In spite of the utmost care at planting time, there always seem to be a few gaps in asparagus. In some cases long periods of rain or other causes can result in a fairly high percentage of failures. The only time these misses can be ﬁlled successfully is during the winter following planting, about June or July.
If replacements are not made the ﬁrst year, it is very difﬁcult to get them established later, and is probably a waste of time to try. By planting at this time, it gives the plants a full growing season to establish. In later years the plants in the gaps have the roots of the plants on either side to contend with, and also have to withstand cutting from the word go. There is no way to mark the new plants in a bed where cultivation of the whole area is necessary.
Replanting, or gapping up, should be done while the misses can be seen, in the undisturbed fern. A fairly large hole must be dug because there is always the tendency to plant them too shallow. A hole large enough to take the roots without curling up at the ends and protruding after covering, and deep enough to get the crown down to seven or eight inches, must be dug. A little earth should be thrown over them, but most of the ﬁlling in will be done in the course of discing in the fern and weeds immediately the gapping up has been done.
Only extra vigorous one-year or two- year crowns should be used. Small seedlings may not withstand the competition of next-door plants or cutting a little over twelve months after planting.
FUTURE SEED DELIVERIES
As the result of discussions between the Process ’Growers’ Federation, Department of Agriculture, N.Z. Grain and Seeds Federation, N.Z. Horticultural Seedsmen Association and others, we have been asked to supply information with seed when delivered to growers from our factories.
The information requires the germination test as supplied by the Seed Testing Station, Department of Agriculture, Palmerston North; also the kind of seed, variety and the material used in treatment. This information has always been available to anyone for the asking, but it looks like we have just one more regulation with which to comply.
To simplify the whole thing the information will be supplied on the reverse side of the delivery docket. The grower will, therefore, sign not only for the amount of seed, but also for all the information necessary.
We would ask growers to kindly return any seed left over as soon as possible, as we like to plant complete lines at a time rather than ﬁnish up with small amounts of various lines at the end of the season.