Information from immigration records at the Hawke’s Bay Art Gallery and Museum
Smith, Henry, Farm labourer, age 36.
Mary, age 33
Emma, ” 15
Frank, ” 14
Mary, ” 9
Harry, ” 11
Martha, ” 7
Geo, ” 5
William, ” 2
Robert, ” 3 months
(from the Nominee Roll of Immigrants per ship Schiehallion, and the ship’s passenger list.)
Their names are also recorded in the Barrack Masters Book. After arrival at Napier they stayed at the Barracks till 30th May, along with most of the other immigrants, and then Henry was given a job described as ‘ government work’ (possibly helping make roads or railway) at the rate of 8/- per day.
The ‘Schiehallion’ was a ‘smart little iron barque of 600 tons, was built in 1869 for the Shaw-Saville Company. She had rather a short career, as she was wrecked in the English Channel when on a passage from Auckland in 1879. She visited all the principal ports in New Zealand, and on one occasion ran out to Wellington in 84 days from port to port’. (from ‘ White Wings’ by Henry Brett, published in 1924.)
On the voyage to Napier she appears to have left from London, sailing on 10th February 1874 and arriving in Napier on 26th May 1874.
Off the foot of Onepoto Gully in Napier, where Captain Cook anchored, the passengers of the ‘Schiehallion’ were disembarked. They took the long, very steep road called ‘Main Street’ to their temporary barracks on (now) Hospital Hill.
Later they left on their journey for Ormondville.
Unfortunately a picture of the ship ‘Schiehallion’ cannot be found. Have enquired from Shaw Saville, here and London, from Early Settlers Museums in our main ports, as she made a number of calls to N.Z. Even Lloyds regretted they could not supply a picture.
I don’t know whether you know anything about the conditions on these immigrant ships, such as the fact that children over 12 years of age were not allowed to travel with married couples and young children, but were put with the single people, this meant that Emma was transferred to the single women’s quarters, and Frank to the single men’s quarters. Then some of the more responsible passengers were appointed as what were called matrons and constables, to keep order and see that things ran smoothly, one presumes. They were paid for these duties and Henry Smith was appointed ‘water closet constable’, the most humble and objectionable job on board, for which duty he earned £5 for the voyage. The cost of the passage for the whole family was £107:5:0 of which Henry Smith paid £15 in promissory notes. A note in pencil beside this latter figure says “not enough”.
The information in the last paragraph was taken from the ship’s passenger list and some miscellaneous papers attached to it.
The History Department of the Auckland Library has this to say about the way of travelling in the old days. From 1872 they travelled from Napier to Dannevirke by both horse team and bullock wagon. They left Napier by a five horse team and travelled as far as Te Aute, where they stayed the night.
The next days’ travelling took them to Waipukurau where they stayed the night in the Tavis-stock [Tavistock] Hotel Stables. The third night was spent at the old Railway Hotel stables situated five miles out of Norsewood. The horses could go no further than this, so the men walked and the bullock wagons took over. The next stop before Dannevirke was at Te Whiti clearing. So it was a journey of five days.