VEGETATION OF THE STATION PRIOR TO SETTLEMENT. 105
nummularifolium, Montia fontana, Gunnera monoica – the red-berried form well worthy of the rock garden, – Galium tenuicaule, Mazus pumileo, Gratiola peruviana – a ﬁfth Fuegian, – Triglochin striatum, Mentha Cunninghamii, Cotula coronopifolia, Pratia angulata, Pratia perpusilla, Lobelia anceps, Oxalis corniculata, and Spiranthes australis.
On barren crowns, arid edges, and driest of dry ﬂats subsisted plants such as cabbage-tree (Cordyline australis), Gnaphalium – several species, Celmisia longifolia, Pimelea laevigata, Cyathodes acerosa, Leucopogon fasciculatus, Leucopogon Frazeri, Leptospermum scoparium, Pomaderris phylicaefolia, Echinopogon ovatus, Orthoceras strictum, and Microtis porrifolia.
At a later period, when the power of the bracken was broken, many of these plants, as will be shown, left their cliffs and deserts and rushed like eager settlers on the newly-opened land.
Of the sixty thousand acres of Tutira, ﬁfty-eight, when the station was ﬁrst stocked, were under bracken, less than ﬁfteen hundred in forest and woodland, less than ﬁve hundred in marsh, less than twenty-ﬁve in upland meadow, cliff, river-bed, desert, and brims of stagnant creeks. Had, in fact, a narrow slice been shorn from the extreme west and another from the extreme east, Tutira would have been actually what it was for all practical purposes – one vast unbroken sheet of fern.
Appended are the names of species noted on the station. I believe that few of the more insigniﬁcant plants have been overlooked, but since it is the nature of the writer of this volume to care for small plants rather than trees and shrubs, the list of the latter may not be quite complete.
LIST OF NATIVE PLANTS ON TUTIRA.
Illustration caption – Cabbage Tree.